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The association between suicide screening practices and attempts requiring emergency care in juvenile justice facilities.

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  • 1Department of Public and International Affairs, Justice, Law and Crime Policy Program, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA. cgallag4@gmu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide a national description of suicide screening practices in juvenile residential facilities and to examine their association with whether facilities experience a suicide attempt.

METHOD:

Multivariate modeling with data from the 2000 Juvenile Residential Facility Census (n = 3690 facilities).

RESULTS:

Controlling for facility characteristics, screening the entire facility population within the first 24 hours after arrival is significantly linked to lower odds of serious suicide attempts (odds ratio 0.23-0.65). Facilities screening just some of their population in a 2- to 7-day window after arrival exhibited significantly higher odds of serious suicide attempts (odds ratio 1.30-4.73).

CONCLUSIONS:

Results suggest that facility-level risks of serious suicide attempts may be reduced by screening every child and adolescent entering a juvenile justice facility within the 24-hour window directly following arrival, regardless of the facility size and whether the youths came directly from another facility within the system.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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