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Biol Chem. 2005 Feb;386(2):127-36.

Pre-steady-state kinetic analysis of riboflavin synthase using a pentacyclic reaction intermediate as substrate.

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  • 1Lehrstuhl für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, D-85747 Garching, Germany.


Riboflavin synthase catalyses a mechanistically complex dismutation affording riboflavin and 5-amino-6-ribitylamino-2,4(1H,3H )-pyrimidinedione from 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine. A pentacyclic adduct (compound 2 ) of two substrate molecules was used as substrate for pre-steady-state kinetic analysis. Whereas the wild-type enzyme catalyses the decomposition of compound 2 into a mixture of riboflavin and 5-amino-6-ribitylamino-2,4(1H,3H )-pyrimidinedione, as well as into two equivalents of 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine, a H102Q mutant enzyme predominantly catalyses the former reaction. Stopped-flow experiments with this mutant enzyme failed to identify a reaction intermediate between compound 2 and riboflavin. However, the apparent rate constants for the formation of riboflavin as observed by stopped-flow and quenched-flow experiments were significantly different, thus suggesting that the reaction proceeds via a significantly populated intermediate, the absorbance of which is similar to that of compound 2 . An F2A mutant enzyme converts compound 2 predominantly into 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine. Stopped-flow experiments using compound 2 as substrate indicated a slight and rapid initial increase in absorbance at 310 nm, followed by a slower decrease. This finding, in conjunction with different apparent rates for the formation of 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine, suggests the involvement of a significantly populated intermediate in the transition between compound 2 and 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine, the optical spectrum of which is similar to that of compound 1.

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