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Neurosci Lett. 2005 May 13;379(3):209-13. Epub 2005 Jan 26.

Spinal blockade of TNF blocks spinal nerve ligation-induced increases in spinal P-p38.

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Anesthesiology Research Labs, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0818, USA.


Spinal nerve ligation (SNL) results in a profound long lasting allodynia and increases in phosphorylated p38 in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and spinal cord microglia. We have previously shown that systemic etanercept, a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonist, reduced allodynia by 42% and blocked SNL-induced increases in P-p38 levels in the L5 and L6 DRG, but not in the ipsilateral lumbar spinal cord. The present experiments demonstrated that intrathecal etanercept (100 microg) prevents SNL-induced increased levels of spinal P-p38. Pretreatment, but not posttreatment, with intrathecal etanercept (100 microg), given every third day, reduced mechanical allodynia by 50%. This therapeutic benefit was maintained for at least 7 days after cessation of treatment. Combined systemic and intrathecal administration of etanercept was no more effective than intrathecal treatment alone. These data imply that TNF provides the trigger for phosphorylation of p38 in both DRG neurons and spinal microglia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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