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Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2005 Mar;40(2):147-9.

[Microstructure and mechanical property of a new IPS-Empress 2 dental glass-ceramic].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Prosthodontics, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Nanjing 210008, China.



To investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of a new IPS-Empress 2 dental glass-ceramic.


AFM, SEM and XRD were used to analyze the microstructure and crystal phase of IPS-Empress 2 glass-ceramic. The flexural strength and fracture toughness were tested using 3-point bending method and indentation method respectively.


IPS-Empress 2 glass-ceramic mainly consisted of lithium disilicate crystal, lithium phosphate and glass matrix, which formed a continuous interlocking structure. The crystal phases were not changed before and after hot-pressed treatment. AFM showed nucleating agent particles of different sizes distributed on the highly polished ceramic surface. The strength and fracture toughness were 300 MPa and 3.1 MPam(1/2).


The high strength and fracture toughness of IPS-Empress 2 glass ceramic are attributed to the fine lithium disilicate crystalline, interlocking microstructure and crack deflection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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