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J Carcinog. 2005 Apr 20;4(1):7.

SYK expression in human breast cancer.

Author information

1
The Breast Unit, St George's Hospital and Medical School, Blackshaw Road London, SW17 0QT, UK. kefahmokbel@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Syk (Splenic Tyrosine Kinase) is an intracellular receptor protein kinase involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and phagocytosis. It has been studied in T and B lymphocytes, NK cells and platelets. The strong expression of Syk in mammary gland prompted research into its potential role in mammary carcinogenesis. There have been very few studies about its role in breast cancer with conflicting results. This study aims to investigate the hypothesis that Syk expression is down-regulated in breast cancer compared with ANCT and the association between its expression and clinicopathological parameters.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

mRNA was extracted from 48 breast cancer specimens. Relative Syk to ribosomal RNA expression was determined by RT-PCR and Taqman methodology. Mann-Whitney U test was used to examine the association between Syk expression in cancer and ANCT. Spearman's rank correlation test was used to examine the association between Syk expression in tumours and patients' age, tumour size, tumour grade, estrogen and progesterone receptor status, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion and clinical outcome.

RESULTS:

The median for the relative value of Syk expression was 0.17 and 0.18 (range: 0.12 - 0.56 and 0.0 - 1.77) for tumours and ANCT respectively. There was no significant association between Syk expression in cancers and ANCT (p= 0.598) nor between Syk expression in tumours and patients' age, tumour size, tumour grade, estrogen and progesterone receptor status, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion or prognosis.

CONCLUSION:

This study shows that Syk mRNA expression does not seem to vary between breast tumours and ANCT. Furthermore, we observed no significant association between Syk expression and clinicopathological parameters.

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