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Vet Dermatol. 2005 Apr;16(2):81-6.

Long-term use of cyclosporine in the treatment of canine atopic dermatitis.

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1
Dermatology for Animals, 106 E. Campbell Ave., Campbell, CA 95008, USA. sradowicz@hotmail.com

Abstract

This retrospective study of 51 dogs with atopic dermatitis (AD) treated with cyclosporine (CsA) for a minimum of 6 months assessed the frequency of dosing and the need for continual treatment to control clinical signs. The study evaluated both medical records and information supplied by the owners in the form of written questionnaires and telephone follow-up. Laboratory parameters, possible adverse effects and owner satisfaction were assessed. The dose of CsA was 5 mg/kg orally per day and dogs received CsA for 6-30 months. At the conclusion of the study period, 28 dogs (55%) needed ongoing CsA to control clinical signs of AD: 8 (15%) received CsA 2-3 days per week, 10 (20%) 4-5 days per week, and 10 (20%) daily. CsA was discontinued in 23 dogs (45%) after 6-24 months due to either a limited response (22%) or after achieving a clinical response (24%). The results suggest that some dogs with AD treated with CsA may not require daily or even ongoing treatment to control clinical signs. Laboratory abnormalities were detected in 13 dogs (25%) during their CsA treatment. Two dogs developed oral growths and three developed hirsuitism. Forty owners (78%) reported no adverse events in their dogs during the treatment period. Thirty-six owners (71%) were satisfied with CsA as treatment for their atopic dog.

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