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J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2004 Dec;47(6):1424-39.

The effects of direct instruction on the single-word reading skills of children who require augmentative and alternative communication.

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  • 1Department of Special Education and Clinical Services, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA 15705-1087, USA.


Current literature suggests a lack of empirically validated strategies for teaching reading skills to children who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The current study implemented a single-subject, multiple-probe-across-subjects design to investigate the effects of direct instruction in single-word reading on the performance of students who use AAC. The instructional program targeted the reading skills of 5 participants who had severe speech impairments and ranged in age from 9 to 14 years old. All 5 participants reached criterion for matching targeted written words to corresponding pictures. Three of the 5 participants demonstrated generalization of reading skills to novel-word reading, and 4 of the 5 generalized reading skills to book contexts. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

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