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Mol Cell Biochem. 1992 Mar 25;110(2):123-33.

Abundance and state of phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene product in human colon cancer.

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1
Creighton Cancer Center, Creighton University, Omaha, NE 68178.

Abstract

In an effort to understand the possible role of Rb in cellular growth control, we have investigated the abundance and the state of phosphorylation of Rb protein (pRb) in normal and colon tumor cell lines as well as in matched colon tumors, adenomas and adjoining normal colonic mucosa. Resting normal human fibroblast cell lines were found to have only unphosphorylated pRb and phosphorylation of pRb occurred when the cells entered G1-S phase. In general, the colon tumor tissues had at least 1.5-2.0 fold increase in the abundance of pRb and 1.5-2.5 fold increase in the percentage of its phosphorylation as compared to the corresponding normal colonic mucosa. Whereas, the adenomas had similar pRb level and its phosphorylation status as observed in the normal colonic mucosa. The actively growing tumor cell lines had approximately two fold higher total pRb than normal cell lines. Although, the percentage of phosphorylated form in growing tumor cell lines as well as normal cell lines were almost equal, it was still considerably higher than normal colonic mucosa. Moreover, DNA binding assay revealed reduced binding affinity of pRb from colon tumor cell line SW480 as compared to the normal cell line WI38. These results suggest that the abundance of pRb and its phosphorylation level may have a role in the cellular growth control in human colonic epithelium.

PMID:
1584201
DOI:
10.1007/bf02454189
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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