Send to

Choose Destination
J AAPOS. 2005 Apr;9(2):141-7.

The management of strabismus in adults--II. Patient and provider perspectives on the severity of adult strabismus and on outcome contributors.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.



As part of a larger study intended to evaluate the management of strabismus in adults, we documented and compared patient and provider perspectives on the various factors that may contribute to treatment outcome and value of strabismus care.


By completing a questionnaire, 170 patients with strabismus (ages 19 to 87 years) and 11 strabismus specialists who performed surgery on these patients each indicated the relative weight of several disease- and treatment-related contributors to the outcome and value of care. In addition, each respondent rated the severity of the strabismus before and after surgery.


Overall severity ratings improved as a result of surgery. The improvement perceived by the physicians was 5.1 +/- 1.7 on a 10-point scale and was larger than the 2.6 +/- 3.6 points improvement perceived by the patients ( P < 0.001). Patients and physicians expressed different views on the relative contributions to outcome and value (overall P < 0.001). Both groups indicated "the condition," "the physician," and "the procedures" as the largest contributors, but "condition" was perceived as more important by the physicians than by the patients ( P < 0.001), and "physician" was more important to the patients than to the physicians ( P < 0.001).


Although in approximate agreement on the main contributors to outcome and value, discrepancies exist between perspectives of patients and physicians on the relative weights of those contributors. Public information, education, and counseling may bring these perspectives better in line and ultimately improve both quality and patient satisfaction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center