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J Bacteriol. 2005 May;187(9):3267-72.

Requirement of the receiver and phosphotransfer domains of ArcB for efficient dephosphorylation of phosphorylated ArcA in vivo.

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Departamento de Genética Molecular, Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico.


The Arc two-component system, comprising the ArcB sensor kinase and the ArcA response regulator, modulates the expression of numerous genes in response to the respiratory conditions of growth. Under anoxic growth conditions, ArcB autophosphorylates and transphosphorylates ArcA, which in turn represses or activates its target operons. Under aerobic growth conditions, phosphorylated ArcA (ArcA-P) dephosphorylates and its transcriptional regulation is released. The dephosphorylation of ArcA-P has been shown to occur, at least in vitro, via an ArcA(Asp54)-P --> ArcB(His717)-P --> ArcB(Asp576)-P --> P(i) reverse phosphorelay. In this study, the physiological significance of this pathway was assessed. The results demonstrate that the receiver and phosphotransfer domains of the tripartite sensor kinase ArcB are necessary and sufficient for efficient ArcA-P dephosphorylation in vivo.

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