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J Clin Oncol. 2005 Jul 20;23(21):4591-601. Epub 2005 Apr 18.

Phase I trial of 177lutetium-labeled J591, a monoclonal antibody to prostate-specific membrane antigen, in patients with androgen-independent prostate cancer.

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Department of Urology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 525 E 68th St, E-300, New York, NY 10021, USA.



To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), toxicity, human anti-J591 response, pharmacokinetics (PK), organ dosimetry, targeting, and biologic activity of (177)Lutetium-labeled anti-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) monoclonal antibody J591 ((177)Lu-J591) in patients with androgen-independent prostate cancer (PC).


Thirty-five patients with progressing androgen-independent PC received (177)Lu-J591. All patients underwent (177)Lu-J591 imaging, PK, and biodistribution determinations. Patients were eligible for up to three retreatments.


Thirty-five patients received (177)Lu-J591, of whom 16 received up to three doses. Myelosuppression was dose limiting at 75 mCi/m(2), and the 70-mCi/m(2) dose level was determined to be the single-dose MTD. Repeat dosing at 45 to 60 mCi/m(2) was associated with dose-limiting myelosuppression; however, up to three doses of 30 mCi/m(2) could be safely administered. Nonhematologic toxicity was not dose limiting. Targeting of all known sites of bone and soft tissue metastases was seen in all 30 patients with positive bone, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance images. No patient developed a human anti-J591 antibody response to deimmunized J591 regardless of number of doses. Biologic activity was seen with four patients experiencing >or= 50% declines in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels lasting from 3+ to 8 months. An additional 16 patients (46%) experienced PSA stabilization for a median of 60 days (range, 1 to 21+ months).


The MTD of (177)Lu-J591 is 70 mCi/m(2). Multiple doses of 30 mCi/m(2) are well tolerated. Acceptable toxicity, excellent targeting of known sites of PC metastases, and biologic activity in patients with androgen-independent PC warrant further investigation.

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