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Structure. 2005 Apr;13(4):551-64.

Same structure, different function crystal structure of the Epstein-Barr virus IL-10 bound to the soluble IL-10R1 chain.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA.

Abstract

Human IL-10 (hIL-10) is a cytokine that modulates diverse immune responses. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome contains an IL-10 homolog (vIL-10) that shares high sequence and structural similarity with hIL-10. Although vIL-10 suppresses inflammatory responses like hIL-10, it cannot activate many other immunostimulatory functions performed by the cellular cytokine. These functional differences have been correlated with the approximately 1000-fold lower affinity of vIL-10, compared to hIL-10, for the IL-10R1 receptor chain. To define the structural basis for these observations, crystal structures of vIL-10 and a vIL-10 point mutant were determined bound to the soluble IL-10R1 receptor fragment (sIL-10R1) at 2.8 and 2.7 A resolution, respectively. The structures reveal that subtle changes in the conformation and dynamics of the vIL-10 AB and CD loops and an orientation change of vIL-10 on sIL-10R1 are the main factors responsible for vIL-10's reduced affinity for sIL-10R1 and its distinct biological profile.

PMID:
15837194
DOI:
10.1016/j.str.2005.01.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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