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Genes Cells. 2005 May;10(5):489-502.

Fibroblast growth factor 23 reduces expression of type IIa Na+/Pi co-transporter by signaling through a receptor functionally distinct from the known FGFRs in opossum kidney cells.

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1
Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Advanced Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama 641-8509, Japan.

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 is an important phosphaturic factor that inhibits inorganic phosphate (Pi) reabsorption from the renal proximal tubule. Its overproduction and proteolysis-resistant mutation such as R179Q cause tumor-induced osteomalacia and autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets, respectively. To clarify the signaling mechanisms of FGF23 that mediate the reduction of Pi reabsorption, we inhibited the function of the known FGFRs in opossum kidney (OK-E) cells by expressing a dominant-negative (DN) form of FGFR. OK-E cells, which represent the renal proximal tubular cells, expressed all four known FGFRs. FGF23(R179Q) bound to and activated FGFR2, a prominent FGFR expressed in OK-E cells. The activated receptor transmitted a signal to increase the expression of type IIa Na(+)/Pi co-transporter and the Pi uptake. Expression of FGFR2(DN), which suppresses the major FGFR-mediated signal through the FRS2alpha-ERK pathway, reversed the function of FGF23(R179Q). When FGF23(R179Q) was applied to the basolateral side of polarized OK-E cells, regardless of the FGFR2(DN) expression, the apical Pi uptake decreased significantly. The apical application of FGF23(R179Q) in the polarized cells did not show such decrease but increase. The exogenously expressed FGFR2 was detectable only at the apical membrane. These results suggest that an FGF23 receptor, which is functionally distinct from the known FGFRs, is expressed at the basolateral membrane of OK-E cells.

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