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Langmuir. 2004 Mar 30;20(7):2915-20.

Synthesis, characterization, and surface immobilization of platinum and palladium nanoparticles encapsulated within amine-terminated poly(amidoamine) dendrimers.

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Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, P.O. Box 30012, College Station, Texas 77842-3012, USA.


Platinum and palladium dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticles (DENs) were prepared within commercially available, fourth-generation, amine-terminated, poly(amidoamine) dendrimers (G4-NH2). The synthesis is carried out by selectively encapsulating metal complexes within the dendrimer and then reducing the resulting composite. Intradendrimer complexation requires control over the solution pH to prevent attachment of the metal complexes to primary amine groups on the dendrimer periphery. That is, the surface primary amines of the dendrimer must be selectively protonated in the presence of the interior tertiary amines. The metal-ion encapsulation and reduction processes were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy. Forty-atom Pt and Pd DENs were examined by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, which showed that the mean particle sizes were 1.4 and 1.5 nm, respectively, and that both were nearly monodisperse (standard deviation = 0.3 nm). The free amine groups on the dendrimer surface were used to link Pd DENs to monolithic Au surfaces via an intermediate self-assembled monolayer adhesion layer.

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