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Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 May;29(5):674-9.

p16INK4A immunoexpression and HPV in situ hybridization signal patterns: potential markers of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

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1
Department of Pathology, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. akalof@uvm.edu

Abstract

Integration of human papillomavirus (HPV) into the cell genome is considered to be an important event in the progression of cervical neoplasia. p16, also a useful biomarker of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), shows increased immunoexpression with worsening grades of CIN. This study examines the correlation between p16 immunoexpression, grade of CIN, HPV type, and HPV in situ hybridization diffuse and punctate signal patterns (linked to episomal and integrated viral particles, respectively) in 44 cervical biopsies/LEEP excisions classified as CIN 1 and CIN 2/3. In 22 of 25 (88%) CIN 1 lesions, p16 immunoexpression was confined to the lower half of the epithelium, with sporadic to focal staining in 11 of 25 cases (44%). In CIN 2/3 lesions, 15 of 17 (88.2%) showed diffuse, two-thirds to full-thickness staining of the epithelium. High-risk HPV types were found in 20 (80%) CIN 1 lesions and 17 (100%) CIN 2/3 lesions. Punctate signals were detected in only 3 (13.6%) of high-risk HPV-positive CIN 1 lesions and in 17 of 17 (100%) CIN 2/3 lesions (P<0.001). p16 immunoexpression and the presence of punctate signal on HPV in situ hybridization correlated with the degree of cervical neoplasia (P<0.001). However, 3 cases of CIN 1 demonstrating punctate signals did not demonstrate a comparable CIN 2/3 p16 staining pattern. Similarly, two CIN 1 lesions with comparable CIN 2/3 p16 staining showed no evidence of viral integration. Both increased p16 immunoexpression and punctate signal correlate with CIN 2/3 grade, supporting the use of either, or both, tests to confirm CIN 2/3. Strong p16 immunostaining in CIN 1 appears independent of HPV punctate signal type.

PMID:
15832093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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