Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FASEB J. 2005 Jul;19(9):1143-5. Epub 2005 Apr 14.

Differential proteome analysis of aging in rat skeletal muscle.

Author information

1
Human Nutrition Research Center, Nutrition and Protein Metabolism Laboratory, INRA UR551, Ceyrat, France.

Abstract

To identify the mechanisms underlying muscle aging, we have undertaken a high-resolution differential proteomic analysis of gastrocnemius muscle in young adults, mature adults, and old LOU/c/jall rats. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and subsequent MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry analyses led to the identification of 40 differentially expressed proteins. Strikingly, most differences characterized old (30-month) animals, whereas young (7-month) and mature (18-month) adults exhibited similar patterns of expression. Important modifications in contractile (actin, myosin light-chains, troponins-T) and cytoskeletal (desmin, tubulin) proteins, and in essential regulatory proteins (gelsolin, myosin binding proteins, CapZ-beta, P23), likely account for dysfunctions in old muscle force generation and speed of contraction. Other features support decreases in cytosolic (triose-phosphate isomerase, enolase, glycerol-3-P dehydrogenase, creatine kinase) and mitochondrial (isocitrate dehydrogenase, cytochrome-c oxidase) energy metabolisms. Muscle aging is often associated with increased oxidative stress. Accordingly, we observed differential regulation of molecular chaperones (hsp20, hsp27, reticuloplasmin ER60) and of proteins implicated in reactive aldehyde detoxification (aldehyde dehydrogenase, glutathione transferase, glyoxalase). We further noticed up-regulation of proteins involved in transcriptional elongation (RNA capping protein) and RNA-editing (Apobec2). Most of these proteins were previously unrecognized as differentially expressed in old muscles, and they represent novel starting points for elucidating the mechanisms of muscle aging.

PMID:
15831715
DOI:
10.1096/fj.04-3084fje
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center