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Cancer Detect Prev. 2005;29(2):109-15.

Exploring beliefs about cancer among American Samoans: focus group findings.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Center for Health Policy and Research, University of California, Irvine, UCI Medical Center, 101 City Drive, Orange, CA 92868-4076, USA. fahubbel@uci.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate answers to the following questions among American Samoans: What is cancer? What causes cancer? And what can you do to prevent cancer?

DESIGN:

Focus groups (four with women and four with men).

SETTINGS:

Pago Pago and the Manu'a islands, American Samoa; Honolulu, Hawaii; Los Angeles, California.

PARTICIPANTS:

80 self-reported Samoan men and women over the age of 18 years, selected through non-probability purposive sampling with help from Samoan community-based organizations.

MEASUREMENT:

Qualitative content analysis of focus findings to identify themes.

RESULTS:

The concepts that cancer was not a Samoan illness, that failure to follow fa'aSamoa (the traditional Samoan way of life) could lead to cancer, and that a return to fa'aSamoa could prevent cancer were the prevalent themes in the focus groups.

CONCLUSION:

The value that Samoans place on fa'aSamoa, a traditional healthy lifestyle, provides insights into the design of future intervention programs aimed at improving cancer control in this population.

PMID:
15829370
DOI:
10.1016/j.cdp.2004.08.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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