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Brain Res. 2005 Apr 18;1041(2):212-22.

Phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) and cAMP-level regulation within different tissue fractions of rat hippocampal slices during long-term potentiation in vitro.

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Department of Neurophysiology, Leibniz-Institute for Neurobiology, Brenneckestrasse 6, D-39118 Magdeburg, Germany.


Molecular events associated with mnemonic processes and neuronal plasticity are postulated to result in functional changes in synaptic structure. One possible site is the post-synaptic density, where activity-dependent changes modulate signal transduction cascades. In this report, we detail spatial-temporal changes for phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) proteins and their substrate cAMP within three neuronal fractions during early and late long-term potentiation (LTP). The cAMP-dependent protein kinase A cascade--which can be regulated by distinct PDE4B activity--is required for mnemonic processes as well as mechanisms of neuronal plasticity, such as those during the maintenance or late-LTP. Fluorescence in situ hybridization studies (FISH) identified no translocation of PDE4B3 from the soma after late-LTP induction indicating a subtle, local control of PDE4B activity. Protein changes were detected within the PSD-enriched fraction. From these results, we conclude that either the changes in PDE4B are due to modulation of pre-existing mRNA, or that the protein is specifically translocated to activated synaptic structures. Furthermore, we report late changes in cAMP levels in the somato-dendritic fraction and discuss this result with the increased PDE4B1/3 doublet in the PSD-enriched fraction.

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