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Neurol Res. 2005 Jan;27(1):94-102.

Elevation of plasma oxidized LDL in acute stroke patients is associated with ischemic lesions depicted by DWI and predictive of infarct enlargement.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of Tokushima, Tokushima, Japan.


Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) plays a major role in atherosclerosis. We undertook the present study to clarify the relationship between plasma OxLDL and the ischemic volume. We used ELISA to determine plasma OxLDL levels, and performed diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MRI (DWI, PWI) to measure the ischemic volume in 44 ischemic stroke patients. Based on the location of the ischemic lesion, they were divided into three groups: Group I (GI, n = 21) had cortical lesions, Group II (GII, n = 17) had lesions in the basal ganglia or brain stem, and Group III (GIII, n = 6) had massive lesions that involved one entire hemisphere. In GI, but not GII and GIII, plasma OxLDL was significantly higher than in 19 age-matched controls (p < 0.01) and was significantly correlated with the initial ischemic volume visualized on DWI (p = 0.01), PWI (p < 0.01), and the DWI-PWI mismatch (p < 0.05). A persistent increase in plasma OxLDL was associated with enlargement of the ischemic lesion in the early phase after the insult. These findings suggest that elevated plasma OxLDL levels are associated with moderate ischemic damage in patients with cortical lesions (GI), but not those with massive hemispheric lesions (GIII), which may be irreversible. In addition, elevated plasma OxLDL may represent a predictor of enlargement of the ischemic lesion.

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