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Int J STD AIDS. 2005 Mar;16(3):247-51.

Human papillomavirus prevalence at the USA-Mexico border among women 40 years of age and older.

Author information

1
The Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida, USA. agiuliano@azcc.arizona.edu

Abstract

The incidence of cervical cancer increases with age among USA Hispanics and women living in Latin America starting in the fourth decade of life. We conducted a study of women > or = 40 living at the USA-Mexico border to determine the prevalence and risk factors for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection detected by polymerase chain reaction. In all, 9.2% of participants tested HPV positive. Compared with women aged 50-59, odds ratios of 8.82 and 6.67 were observed for women > or = 60 and 40-49, respectively. Among women aged 40-49, both oncogenic and non-oncogenic HPV infections were detected; however, women > or = 60 were positive for predominantly oncogenic genotypes. HPV risk significantly increased with > or = 2 lifetime sexual partners in adjusted models. These data suggest that the prevalence of HPV infection may have a second peak among post-menopausal Hispanic women.

PMID:
15829027
DOI:
10.1258/0956462053420095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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