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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Apr;86(4):659-63.

Dermatologic conditions associated with use of a lower-extremity prosthesis.

Author information

1
Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada. ndudek@ottawahospital.on.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To document the frequency of skin problems among lower-limb prosthesis users and to assess for factors associated with skin problems among patients using a prosthesis.

DESIGN:

Six-year retrospective chart review.

SETTING:

An outpatient amputee clinic at a regional, referral rehabilitation hospital in Canada.

PARTICIPANTS:

Seven hundred forty-five subjects with a total of 828 lower-extremity amputations participated. Subjects were included if they had a lower-extremity amputation and used a prosthesis for ambulation or transfers.

INTERVENTIONS:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The presence or absence of a skin problem. Descriptive and nonparametric statistics were used to analyze data.

RESULTS:

Three hundred thirty-seven residual limbs (40.7%) had at least 1 skin problem. Adjusted odds ratios showed that amputation level, being employed, type of walking aid, and absence of peripheral vascular disease (as a comorbidity) were independently associated with the presence of at least 1 skin problem ( P <.05). CONCLUSIONS; Dermatologic conditions are a frequent complication for the lower-extremity amputee who uses a prosthesis. The results suggest that more active amputees have an increased risk for developing skin problems. Further study in this area is warranted.

PMID:
15827914
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2004.09.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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