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Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2005 Mar;34(2):206-12.

Mesenchymal stem cells in musculoskeletal tissue engineering: a review of recent advances in National University of Singapore.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, Singapore.


A key factor in the tissue engineering approach to tissue repair and regeneration is the use of appropriate cells. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are derived from bone marrow stroma or connective tissues and they have the potential to differentiate into various mesenchymal cell lines in vitro and in vivo. These cells hold great promise for musculoskeletal tissue engineering. This review is based mainly on the work which has been done in the National University of Singapore on the use of MSCs for engineering cartilage, growth plate, bone and tendon/ligament as well as the clinical trail of autologous chondrocyte implantation. It can help to shape future research on musculoskeletal tissue engineering.

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