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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Jul;90(7):4211-5. Epub 2005 Apr 12.

Fibroblast growth factor-23 in patients with Graves' disease before and after antithyroid therapy: its important role in serum phosphate regulation.

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  • 1Noguchi Thyroid Clinic and Hospital Foundation, 6-33 Noguchi-Nakamachi, Beppu Oita 874-0932, Japan.



Hyperthyroidism is a well-described cause of hyperphosphatemia. We aimed to clarify the physiological role of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 in serum phosphate homeostasis in patients with Graves' disease during the course of treatment for hyperthyroidism.


The study group comprised 56 patients (45 for a cross-sectional study and 11 for a longitudinal study) with Graves' disease. For the cross-sectional study, patients were assigned, on the basis of their serum phosphate level, to a hypophosphatemia group (n = 14), a normophosphatemia group (n = 16), or a hyperphosphatemia group (n = 15). Serum FGF-23, calcium, phosphate, PTH, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D] levels were compared between the three groups. For the longitudinal study, we assessed changes in these biochemical indices before and after antithyroid treatment.


In the cross-sectional study, the serum FGF-23 level was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the hyperphosphatemia group than in the other groups (61 +/- 36 ng/liter vs. 31 +/- 22 ng/liter and 30 +/- 9 ng/liter). In the longitudinal study, serum levels of FGF-23 decreased significantly (P < 0.05) from a high of 54 +/- 12 ng/liter before treatment to 29 +/- 14 ng/liter after treatment. In contrast, the serum 1,25(OH)(2)D level increased significantly (P < 0.005) from 55 +/- 22 pmol/liter before treatment to 185 +/- 76 pmol/liter 3 months after treatment. Serum FGF-23 levels were positively correlated with serum phosphate levels (P < 0.0001) and negatively correlated with serum 1,25(OH)(2)D levels (P < 0.0001).


The significant positive correlation between serum levels of phosphate and FGF-23 indicates that FGF-23 may play an important role in serum phosphate homeostasis by its up-regulation in the hyperphosphatemic condition.

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