Send to

Choose Destination
J Mol Biol. 2005 May 6;348(3):523-33.

Dihydroorotase from Escherichia coli: loop movement and cooperativity between subunits.

Author information

School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia.


Escherichia coli dihydroorotase has been crystallized in the presence of the product, L-dihydroorotate (L-DHO), and the structure refined at 1.9A resolution. The structure confirms that previously reported (PDB entry 1J79), crystallized in the presence of the substrate N-carbamyl-D,L-aspartate (D, L-CA-asp), which had a dimer in the asymmetric unit, with one subunit having the substrate, L-CA-asp bound at the active site and the other having L-DHO. Importantly, no explanation for the unusual structure was given. Our results now show that a loop comprised of residues 105-115 has different conformations in the two subunits. In the case of the L-CA-asp-bound subunit, this loop reaches in toward the active site and makes hydrogen-bonding contact with the bound substrate molecule. For the L-DHO-bound subunit, the loop faces in the opposite direction and forms part of the surface of the protein. Analysis of the kinetics for conversion of L-DHO to L-CA-asp at low concentrations of L-DHO shows positive cooperativity with a Hill coefficient n=1.57(+/-0.13). Communication between subunits in the dimer may occur via cooperative conformational changes of the side-chains of a tripeptide from each subunit: Arg256-His257-Arg258, near the subunit interface.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center