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Gastroenterology. 2005 Apr;128(4):1089-113.

Gastrointestinal food allergy: new insights into pathophysiology and clinical perspectives.

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Department of Gastroenterology, University Medical School of Hannover, Germany.


Adverse reactions to food that result in gastrointestinal symptoms are common in the general population; while only a minority of such individuals will have symptoms due to immunologic reactions to foods, gastrointestinal food allergies do exist in both children and adults. These immune reactions are mediated by immunoglobulin E-dependent and -independent mechanisms involving mast cells, eosinophils, and other immune cells, but the complexity of the underlying mechanisms of pathogenesis have yet to be fully defined. Knowledge of the spectrum of adverse reactions to foods that affect the digestive system, including gastrointestinal food allergy, is essential to correctly diagnose and manage the subset of patients with immunologically mediated adverse reactions to foods. Potentially fatal reactions to food necessitate careful instruction and monitoring on the part of health care workers involved in the care of individuals at risk of anaphylaxis. New methods of diagnosis and novel strategies for treatment, including immunologic modulation and the development of hypoallergenic foods, are exciting developments in the field of food allergy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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