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Gastroenterology. 2005 Apr;128(4):922-34.

Colitis in mice lacking the common cytokine receptor gamma chain is mediated by IL-6-producing CD4+ T cells.

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  • 1Department of Mucosal Immunology, Osaka University, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Mice that have a truncated mutation of the common cytokine receptor gamma chain (CR gamma -/Y) are known to spontaneously develop colitis. To identify the pathologic elements responsible for triggering this localized inflammatory disease, we elucidated and characterized aberrant T cells and their enteropathogenic cytokines in CR gamma -/Y mice with colitis.

METHODS:

The histologic appearance, cell population, T-cell receptor V beta usage, and cytokine production of lamina propria lymphocytes were assessed. CR gamma -/Y mice were treated with anti-interleukin (IL)-6 receptor monoclonal antibody to evaluate its ability to control colitis, and splenic CD4 + T cells from the same mouse model were adoptively transferred into SCID mice to see if they spurred the appearance of colitis.

RESULTS:

We found marked thickening of the large intestine, an increase in crypt depth, and infiltration of the colonic lamina propria and submucosa with mononuclear cells in the euthymic CR gamma -/Y mice, but not in the athymic CR gamma -/Y mice, starting at the age of 8 weeks. Colonic CD4 + T cells with high expressions of antiapoptotic Bcl-x and Bcl-2 were found to use selected subsets (V beta 14) of T-cell receptor and to exclusively produce IL-6. Treatment of CR gamma -/Y mice with anti-IL-6 receptor monoclonal antibody prevented the formation of colitis via the induction of apoptosis in IL-6-producing CD4 + T cells. Adoptive transfer of pathologic CD4 + T cells induced colitis in the recipient SCID mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Colonic IL-6-producing thymus-derived CD4 + T cells are responsible for the development of colitis in CR gamma -/Y mice.

PMID:
15825075
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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