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EMBO J. 1992 May;11(5):1711-6.

Towards a molecular understanding of titin.

Author information

1
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, FRG.

Abstract

Titin is at present the largest known protein (M(r) 3000 kDa) and its expression is restricted to vertebrate striated muscle. Single molecules span from M- to Z-lines and therefore over 1 micron. We have isolated cDNAs encoding five distant titin A-band epitopes, extended their sequences and determined 30 kb (1000 kDa) of the primary structure of titin. Sequences near the M-line encode a kinase domain and are closely related to the C-terminus of twitchin from Caenorhabditis elegans. This suggests that the function of this region in the titin/twitchin family is conserved throughout the animal kingdom. All other A-band sequences consist of 100 amino acid (aa) repeats predicting immunoglobulin-C2 and fibronectin type III globular domains. These domains are arranged into highly ordered 11 domain super-repeat patterns likely to match the myosin helix repeat in the thick filament. Expressed titin fragments bind to the LMM part of myosin and C-protein. Binding strength increases with the number of domains involved, indicating a cumulative effect of multiple binding sites for myosin along the titin molecule. We conclude that A-band titin is likely to be involved in the ordered assembly of the vertebrate thick filament.

PMID:
1582406
PMCID:
PMC556628
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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