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Microbes Infect. 2005 Mar;7(3):503-9. Epub 2005 Mar 21.

Sensing cell stress and transformation through Vgamma9Vdelta2 T cell-mediated recognition of the isoprenoid pathway metabolites.

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Inserm U601, Institut de Biologie, 9 quai Moncousu, 44035 Nantes cedex 1, France.


Vgamma9Vdelta2 cells, a major peripheral blood gammadelta T cell subset in adults, recognize non-peptidic phosphorylated metabolites referred to as phosphoantigens (phosphoAg), which are produced by a broad array of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. We will review here the biosynthetic pathways leading to production of phosphoAg and our current understanding of the mode of activation of Vgamma9Vdelta2 cells by these compounds. We will also discuss the physiological relevance of this immune recognition process and show how it can enable discrimination by Vgamma9Vdelta2 lymphocytes of infected and/or transformed cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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