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Cell Calcium. 2005 May;37(5):395-402.

Calcium signalling in growth cone migration.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK. s.bolsover@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

Growth cones, the motile structures at the tips of advancing axons and dendrites, respond to a wide range of cues by either turning towards or away from the cue. Cytosolic calcium signals appear to mediate a large fraction of both types of response. Calcium signals can be generated by influx through plasma membrane channels or by release from intracellular stores. While neurotransmitters can elicit calcium influx through ionotropic receptors, other chemical cues open plasma membrane voltage gated calcium channels by a mechanism other than a change of membrane voltage. In general attractive cues generate spatially and temporally restricted calcium increases that are difficult to detect using conventional indicators. One target for these calcium signals is calmodulin dependent protein kinase II. Repulsive cues generate spatially and temporally more diffuse calcium increases that can be more readily detected using fluorescent indicators. One target for these is the phosphatase calcineurin, which may act by dephosphorylating GAP43 and allowing the latter to cap actin filaments.

PMID:
15820386
DOI:
10.1016/j.ceca.2005.01.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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