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Dev Genes Evol. 2005 Jul;215(7):358-63. Epub 2005 Apr 8.

Eggs and embryos in Xenoturbella (phylum uncertain) are not ingested prey.

Author information

1
Museum of Evolution, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 16, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden. olle.israelsson@evolmuseum.uu.se

Abstract

Xenoturbella is an enigmatic animal that has puzzled science for almost a century. The eggs and embryos found in Xenoturbella have recently been interpreted as ingested prey. However, PCR on individual eggs as well as in situ hybridisation and in situ PCR unambiguously show that they are Xenoturbella's own. The eggs and embryos are individually enclosed within follicles with the same ultrastructure. The cortical granules in oocytes and eggs from Xenoturbella but not Nucula stained positively with an antiserum against Reissner's substance. The embryos incorporated 5-bromodeoxyuridine in vivo, i.e. they replicate their genome and are living.

PMID:
15818482
DOI:
10.1007/s00427-005-0485-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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