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Pharmacology. 2005 Jul;74(4):169-73. Epub 2005 Apr 7.

The synthetic PPARgamma agonist troglitazone inhibits IL-5-induced CD69 upregulation and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin release from eosinophils.

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Department of Clinical and Laboratory Medicine, Akita University School of Medicine, Akita, Japan.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor that regulates lipid metabolism. Recently, PPARgamma was reported to be a negative regulator in the immune system. Eosinophils also express PPARgamma, however, the role of PPARgamma in eosinophil functions is not well understood. Surface expression of CD69 and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN) release are well-known activation markers of eosinophils. We investigated the effect of a PPARgamma agonist on human eosinophil functions such as IL-5-induced CD69 surface expression and EDN release. IL-5 significantly induced eosinophil CD69 surface expression analyzed using flow cytometry and EDN release measured by ELISA. IL-5-induced eosinophil CD69 surface expression and EDN release were significantly inhibited by the synthetic PPARgamma agonist troglitazone, and these effects were reversed by a PPARgamma antagonist. The PPARgamma agonist troglitazone has a potent inhibitory effect on activation and degranulation of eosinophils, and it may be a therapeutic modality for the treatment of allergic diseases.

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