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Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2005 Jan;22(1):49-55.

Ischaemic preconditioning but not isoflurane prevents post-ischaemic production of hydroxyl radicals in a canine model of ischaemia-reperfusion.

Author information

1
Hadassah University Hospital, Hebrew University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and CCM, Jerusalem, Israel. gozaly@md2.huji.ac.il

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Isoflurane has been shown to mimic ischaemic preconditioning (IPC). The protective effect of IPC, or applying isoflurane or perfusion with the 'push-pull' complex zinc-desferrioxamine (Zn-DFO) in the canine heart, was investigated.

METHODS:

Thirty minutes after salicylate administration (100 mg kg(-1)) the heart was exposed. All dogs were subjected to a 10 min left anterior descending artery occlusion followed by 2 h of reperfusion. In Group I (n = 9) isoflurane (2.5%) was administered 10 min prior to and during ischaemia. In Group II (n = 8), IPC was elicited by 5 min coronary artery occlusion, followed by 5 min of reperfusion, prior to the 10 min ischaemia. In Group III (n = 9) Zn-DFO (2.5 mg kg(-1)) was given 10 min prior to ischaemia. The effects of these interventions were compared to control (n = 10). Coronary sinus blood concentrations of salicylate, 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA), lactate, pH and oxygen content were monitored.

RESULTS:

In the control group, 2,3-DHBA increased by 32% above the pre-ischaemic value (P < 0.05). In contrast, in the IPC hearts, a significant decrease in the production of 2,3-DHBA was observed (40% lower than baseline, P < 0.01). In the isoflurane group only a 13% (and non-significant) decrease was noticed. In the Zn-DFO group a 33% decrease was found (P < 0.01). The increase in lactate concentrations in the IPC and Zn-DFO groups was significantly smaller than that of control and isoflurane groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

IPC protected the heart against the deleterious effects of reperfusion, possibly by amelioration of the level of oxygen-derived reactive species, and the complete inhibition of reactive hydroxyl radical production. Isoflurane did not prove to be as effective in reducing the free radical damage.

PMID:
15816574
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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