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Anticancer Res. 2005 Jan-Feb;25(1A):107-15.

The effect of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibition on human prostate cancer induced osteoblastic and osteolytic lesions in bone.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.



The mechanism of bone formation by osteoblastic prostate cancer metastases is not well defined. Using knockout mice, it has been demonstrated that prostaglandins produced by COX-2 are critical for fracture repair. Therefore, our aim was to determine if COX-2 plays a role in the bone formation in osteoblastic prostate cancer metastases in bone.


We assessed the influence of pharmacologic COX-2 inhibition in a SCID mouse intratibial injection model of bone metastasis using two human prostate cancer cell lines that produce either osteoblastic lesions (LAPC-9) or osteolytic lesions (PC-3, negative control). SC-58236, a COX-2 specific inhibitor, was used at a dose of 3 mg/Kg intraperitoneally 3 times per week in the Treatment groups for 8 weeks until sacrifice.


Western blot for COX-2 demonstrated that LAPC-9 cells expressed high levels of COX-2 while PC-3 cells did not. Treatment with SC-58236 significantly reduced the size of osteoblastic lesions after LAPC-9 injection based on both radiographic and histomorphometric criteria compared to the control group. In contrast, large osteolytic lesions were seen in both control and SC-58236 treated animals after PC-3 cell injections. The results of this study indicate that COX-2 inhibition can decrease the size of osteoblastic lesions produced by LAPC-9, a human prostate cancer cell line that expresses high levels of COX-2. This treatment had no effect on the osteolytic activity of PC-3 cells.


These findings suggest that the progression of osteoblastic metastases induced by human prostate cancer cells may be limited by COX-2 inhibitors.

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