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Clin Cardiol. 2005 Mar;28(3):124-30.

A prospective follow-up of alcohol septal ablation for symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy--the Baylor experience (1996-2002).

Author information

1
Section of Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 77030, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is a paucity of data on the long-term outcome of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) for symptomatic hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).

HYPOTHESIS:

The study was undertaken to evaluate the longer-term outcome of ASA therapy for symptomatic HOCM.

METHODS:

In all, 137 patients were enrolled consecutively (1996-1999) and 130 (95%) (74 men, 56 women, aged 51 +/- 17 years) underwent ASA and had serial prospective follow-up for up to 5 years (mean follow-up 3.6 +/- 1.4 years). Evaluation included angina (Canadian Cardiovascular Society [CCS] score), dyspnea (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class), duration of exercise on treadmill, and echocardiographic indices.

RESULTS:

Ethanol (3.5 +/- 1.5 cc), injected into 1.5 +/- 0.6 arteries, induced a mean peak plasma creatine kinase (CK) of 1676 +/- 944 units. Complications of procedures included death 1.5% (2/130), heart block requiring permanent pacemaker 13% (17/130), and coronary dissection 4.4% (6/130). Baseline versus last follow-up visit: NYHA class decreased from 3.0 +/- 0.4 to 1.2 +/- 0.6 (p < 0.01); CCS angina score from 2.0 +/- 0.8 to 0.08 +/- 0.4 (p < 0.01); and duration of exercise increased from 322 +/- 207 to 443 +/- 200 s (p < 0.01). Resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient at baseline versus last follow-up visit showed a decrease from 74 +/- 30 to 4 +/- 13 (p < 0.01), and the dobutamine-provoked gradient of 88 +/- 29 decreased to 21 +/- 21 (p < 0.01) mmHg. All-cause mortality over the duration of follow-up was 7.7% (10) giving an annual rate of 2.1%, and cardiac mortality was 2.3% (3) reflecting an annual rate of 0.6%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Alcohol septal ablation decreased symptoms and improved exercise performance, indicating that it is an effective procedure for symptomatic HOCM.

PMID:
15813618
PMCID:
PMC6654248
DOI:
10.1002/clc.4960280305
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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