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Kidney Blood Press Res. 2005;28(3):127-33. Epub 2005 Apr 5.

Induction of metallothionein in proximal tubular cells by zinc and its potential as an endogenous antioxidant.

Author information

1
Division of General Internal Medicine and Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Robert Bosch Krankenhaus, Stuttgart, Germany. dominik.alscher@bk.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was undertaken to gain further insights into the expression of metallothionein (MT) in kidney, to define the necessary dosage of a metal (zinc) to achieve induction of MT and to evaluate the antioxidative potential of MT in comparison to other more common antioxidative therapeutics, like N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), and endogenous molecules, like glutathione.

METHODS:

MT was measured in renal specimens from cadaver kidneys from patients with chronic diseases (n = 76) and controls (n = 21) by immunohistochemistry. In addition, induction experiments were performed in cell cultures of proximal tubular cells (LCC-PK1) and MT measured on the RNA and protein level (immunohistochemistry, Western and dot blotting). Antioxidative potential of MT was compared to NAC and glutathione.

RESULTS:

MT was restricted to tubular cells with no differences between controls and patients. Zn caused a dose-dependent increase of MT on the RNA as well as on the protein level (RNA (ratio MT/histone 3.3): control 0.34 +/- 0.12; Zn 17 microM 0.65 +/- 0.26; Zn 35 microM 1.25 +/- 0.43 (p < 0.05), Zn 52 microM 1.35 +/- 0.46 (p < 0.05), and protein: 5.8-fold increase from 47 +/- 13 mg/g total protein (n = 6) to 272 +/- 140 mg/g total protein (n = 6)). The antioxidative effect of MT was equal to NAC and glutathione.

CONCLUSIONS:

Induction of renal MT by zinc is easily achievable and might be an interesting therapeutic and preventive tool against oxidative stress.

PMID:
15812196
DOI:
10.1159/000084921
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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