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Lancet Oncol. 2005 Apr;6(4):229-39.

Docetaxel for treatment of solid tumours: a systematic review of clinical data.

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Department of Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.


Docetaxel is a semisynthetic taxane, a class of anticancer agents that bind to beta tubulin, thereby stabilising microtubules and inducing cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Docetaxel was first approved for the treatment of anthracycline-refractory metastatic breast cancer in the mid-1990s. Since then, several randomised trials have reported improved time-to-progression, overall survival, or both in metastatic breast cancer treated with single-agent docetaxel or docetaxel-based combination regimens. Data from two adjuvant trials have shown a survival benefit with the addition of docetaxel to standard anthracycline-based regimens in patients with high-risk early breast cancer. In four randomised studies, docetaxel improved survival in locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. Moreover, two trials have shown that docetaxel combined with estramustine or corticosteroids improves survival in metastatic androgen-independent prostate cancer. Here, we review major randomised phase III trials with docetaxel in the treatment of solid malignant disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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