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FEBS Lett. 2005 Apr 11;579(10):2161-5.

Cardiolipin synthase of Arabidopsis thaliana.

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  • 1RWTH Aachen, Institut für Biologie I, Spezielle Botanik, Worringerweg 1, 52056 Aachen, Germany.


Functional expression studies in microorganisms showed that the Arabidopsis thaliana gene At4g04870 represents the cardiolipin synthase (CLS) gene encoding a hydrophobic preprotein of 38 kDa with a cleavable signal peptide for the import into mitochondria. CLS of Arabidopsis over-expressed in Escherichia coli has an alkaline pH optimum, a strict requirement for divalent cations and a distinctly lower K(m) for cytidinediphosphate-diacylglycerol than for phosphatidylglycerol. It displayed a preference for both its substrates esterified with unsaturated acyl groups. Solubilization and purification experiments revealed that the protein requires a defined phospholipid environment, particularly the presence of cardiolipin, to acquire its catalytically active conformation.

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