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J Biol Chem. 2005 Jul 1;280(26):24562-7. Epub 2005 Apr 4.

ATP binding to nucleotide binding domain (NBD)1 of the ClpB chaperone induces motion of the long coiled-coil, stabilizes the hexamer, and activates NBD2.

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Chemical Resources Laboratory, R-1, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta 4259, Yokohama 226-8503, Japan.


The molecular chaperone ClpB can rescue the heat-damaged proteins from an aggregated state in cooperation with other chaperones. It has two nucleotide binding domains (NBD1 and NBD2) and forms a hexamer ring in a manner dependent on ATP binding to NBD1. In the crystal structure of ClpB with both NBDs filled by nucleotides, the linker between two NBDs forms an 85-A-long coiled-coil that extends on the outside of the hexamer and leans to NBD1. To probe the possible motion of the coiled-coil, we tested the accessibility of a labeling reagent, fluorescence change of a labeled dye, and cross-linking between the coiled-coil and NBD1 by using the mutants with defective NBD1 or NBD2. The results suggest that the coiled-coil is more or less parallel to the main body of ClpB in the absence of nucleotide and that ATP binding to NBD1 brings it to the leaning position as seen in the crystal structure. This motion results in stabilization of the hexamer form of ClpB and promotion of ATP hydrolysis at NBD2.

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