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Dev Cell. 2005 Apr;8(4):575-86.

Integrinalpha5 and delta/notch signaling have complementary spatiotemporal requirements during zebrafish somitogenesis.

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Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.


Somitogenesis is the process by which the segmented precursors of the skeletal muscle and vertebral column are generated during vertebrate embryogenesis. While somitogenesis appears to be a serially homologous, reiterative process, we find that there are differences between the genetic control of early/anterior and late/posterior somitogenesis. We demonstrate that point mutations can cause segmentation defects in either the anterior, middle, or posterior somites in the zebrafish. We find that mutations in zebrafish integrinalpha5 disrupt anterior somite formation, giving a phenotype complementary to the posterior defects seen in the notch pathway mutants after eight/deltaD and deadly seven/notch1a. Double mutants between the notch pathway and integrinalpha5 display somite defects along the entire body axis, with a complete loss of the mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition and Fibronectin matrix assembly in the posterior. Our data suggest that notch- and integrinalpha5-dependent cell polarization and Fibronectin matrix assembly occur concomitantly and interdependently during border morphogenesis.

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