Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Inj Prev. 2005 Apr;11(2):77-83.

An evaluation of state firearm regulations and homicide and suicide death rates.

Author information

1
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. rosengartmr@upmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine if any of five different state gun laws were associated with firearm mortality: (1) "shall issue" laws permitting an individual to carry a concealed weapon unless restricted by another statute; (2) a minimum age of 21 years for handgun purchase; (3) a minimum age of 21 years for private handgun possession; (4) one gun a month laws which restrict handgun purchase frequency; and (5) junk gun laws which ban the sale of certain cheaply constructed handguns.

DESIGN:

A cross sectional time series study of firearm mortality from 1979 to 1998.

SETTING:

All 50 states and the District of Columbia.

SUBJECTS:

All residents of the United States.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Firearm homicides, all homicides, firearm suicides, and all suicides.

RESULTS:

When a "shall issue" law was present, the rate of firearm homicides was greater, RR 1.11 (95% confidence interval 0.99 to 1.24), than when the law was not present, as was the rate of all homicides, RR 1.08 (95% CI 0.98 to 1.17), although this was not statistically significant. No law was associated with a statistically significant decrease in the rates of firearm homicides or total homicides. No law was associated with a statistically significant change in firearm suicide rates.

CONCLUSION:

A "shall issue" law that eliminates most restrictions on carrying a concealed weapon may be associated with increased firearm homicide rates. No law was associated with a statistically significant reduction in firearm homicide or suicide rates.

PMID:
15805435
PMCID:
PMC1730198
DOI:
10.1136/ip.2004.007062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center