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Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2005 Feb;13(1):33-8.

Visual outcome of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis-associated uveitis in adults.

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McGill University, Department of Ophthalmology, Uveitis Service Montréal Canada.



Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is the systemic disease most frequently associated in childhood uveitis. The disease may cause several ocular complications, visual impairment, and blindness. Recent studies revealed a more favorable ocular prognosis. Our purpose was to analyze the long-term visual outcome of JRA-associated uveitis.


Ocular complications and visual outcome in adult patients with JRA-associated uveitis were evaluated. Among 18 patients included in the study, uveitis was bilateral in 12 (66.7%) and unilateral in six (33.3%), for a total of 30 eyes with ocular involvement.


The mean durations of JRA and its associated uveitis were 24.9 and 20.5 years, respectively. All eyes (100%) had at least one ocular complication. The most frequently observed ocular complications were cataract (83.3%), band keratopathy (60%), posterior synechia (46.7%), glaucoma (33.3%), hypotony (16.7%), and macular pathology (13.3%). Final visual acuity was impaired in 40% of the eyes, poor in 20%, and totally lost in 10%. Therefore, 70% of the eyes were either visually handicapped or totally blind. Most eyes underwent at least one surgical procedure. Inflammation was active at last examination in 63.3% of eyes. All patients were still treated topically and with systemic NSAID. Sixty-one percent of the patients were using an immunosuppressive agent.


JRA-associated uveitis still has a severe course and blinding potential. Patients suffer from uveitis and its complications even during the adulthood period. However, because our series represents a more severe subset of the disease, the outcome may be poorer than that of some other outcome studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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