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Cancer Radiother. 2005 Feb;9(1):37-41. Epub 2005 Jan 20.

[Larynx preservation, state of the art].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Département de cancérologie cervicofaciale, centre Oscar-Lambret, 3, rue Combemale, 59020 Lille cedex, France. jl-lefebvre@o-lambret.fr

Abstract

Larynx preservation in advanced pharyngolaryngeal cancers has been a major challenge in clinical research over the past two decades. Subtotal surgery (endoscopic laser surgery, supracricoid partial laryngectomies and hemilaryngopharyngectomies) has allowed reducing the indications of the so-called "mutilating" surgery. On the other hand, the modification of fractionation has notably improved the results of definitive irradiation (but most probably for supraglottic tumors). The main clinical research has been carried out with either sequential or concurrent chemo-irradiation. Induction chemotherapy followed by irradiation in good responders or by surgery in poor responders allowed to preserve the larynx in around half the cases without deleterious impact on overall survival. Concurrent chemo-irradiation trials suggested that the larynx preservation rates could be increased but overall survival remained unchanged and mucositis was a notable side effect. The next step could be the combination of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemo-irradiation in good responders. Finally, the place of new drugs (taxanes, targeted therapies) is to be explored in this context.

PMID:
15804618
DOI:
10.1016/j.canrad.2004.12.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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