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J Psychiatr Res. 2005 Jul;39(4):377-90.

Prevalence and predictors of pathological gambling: results from the St. Louis personality, health and lifestyle (SLPHL) study.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 40 N. Kingshighway, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA. cunning@epi.wustl.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We report the prevalence of and risk and protective factors for DSM-IV sub-threshold gambling (1-4 criteria) and pathological gambling disorder (PGD; 5-10 criteria) in a non-clinical household sample of St. Louis area gamblers.

METHODS:

Of the 7689 individuals contacted via Random Digit Dialing, 3292 were screened eligible. Of these, 1142 from households in 6 contiguous regions in Missouri and Illinois consented to participate and were mailed a St. Louis Area Personality, Health, and Lifestyle (SLPHL) Survey.

RESULTS:

Post-stratification weighted data (n=913) indicate lifetime prevalence rates of 12.4% sub-threshold and 2.5% PGD (conditional prevalence=21.5% and 4.3% respectively). Risk and protective factors for gambling severity varied in the sample.

CONCLUSIONS:

Targeted prevention messages are warranted specifically for gamblers of varying risk for PGD.

PMID:
15804388
PMCID:
PMC1618765
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpsychires.2004.09.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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