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J Radiat Res. 2005 Mar;46(1):51-7.

Biological gain of carbon-ion radiotherapy for the early response of tumor growth delay and against early response of skin reaction in mice.

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Heavy-Ion Radiology Research Group, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba-shi, Chiba, Japan.


The biological effectiveness of carbon ions relative to gamma rays (RBE) was compared between the tumor growth delay and an early skin reaction of syngeneic mice. The RBE was larger for a tumor than skin when irradiated with large doses of high-LET (linear energy transfer) carbon ions. The intra-track damage (a term of a linear quadratic model) of a tumor and skin increased equally with an increase of the LET, while the inter-track damage (beta term) of skin alone increased with the LET. These data provide evidence that high-LET radiotherapy could achieve therapeutic gain by minimizing the difference in response to fractionated irradiation between the tumor and normal tissue.

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