Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Br J Psychiatry. 2005 Apr;186:324-30.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for refractory psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia resistant to atypical antipsychotic medication. Randomised controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Psychological Medicine, PO 67, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 SE5 8AF, UK. L.Valmaggia@iop.kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is increasing evidence that cognitive-behavioural therapy can be an effective intervention for patients experiencing drug-refractory positive symptoms of schizophrenia.

AIMS:

To investigate the effects of cognitive-behavioural therapy on in-patients with treatment-refractory psychotic symptoms.

METHOD:

Manualised therapy was compared with supportive counselling in a randomised controlled study. Both interventions were delivered by experienced psychologists over 16 sessions of treatment. Therapy fidelity was assessed by two independent raters. Participants underwent masked assessment at baseline, after treatment and at 6 months' follow-up. Main outcome measures were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and the Psychotic Symptoms Rating Scale. The analysis was by intention to treat.

RESULTS:

Participants receiving cognitive cognitive-behavioural therapy had improved with regard to auditory hallucinations and illness insight at the post-treatment assessment, but these findings were not maintained at follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cognitive-behavioural therapy showed modest short-term benefits over supportive counselling for treatment-refractory positive symptoms of schizophrenia.

PMID:
15802690
DOI:
10.1192/bjp.186.4.324
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center