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Protein Sci. 2005 May;14(5):1357-62. Epub 2005 Mar 31.

Characterization of the HslU chaperone affinity for HslV protease.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Germany.


The HslVU complex is a bacterial two-component ATP-dependent protease, consisting of HslU chaperone and HslV peptidase. Investigation of protein-protein interactions using SPR in Escherichia coli HslVU and the protein substrates demonstrates that HslU and HslV have moderate affinity (Kd = 1 microM) for each other. However, the affinity of HslU for HslV fivefold increased (Kd approximately 0.2 microM) after binding with the MBP approximately SulA protein indicating the formation of a "ternary complex" of HslV-HslU-MBP approximately SulA. The molecular interaction studies also revealed that HslU strongly binds to MBP approximately SulA with 10(-9) M affinity but does not associate with nonstructured casein. Conversely, HslV does not interact with the MBP-SulA whereas it strongly binds with casein (Kd = 0.2 microM) requiring an intact active site of HslV. These findings provide evidence for "substrate-induced" stable HslVU complex formation. Presumably, the binding of HslU to MBP approximately SulA stimulates a conformational change in HslU to a high-affinity form for HslV.

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