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Mol Biol Cell. 2005 Jun;16(6):2786-98. Epub 2005 Mar 30.

Association of the leukocyte plasma membrane with the actin cytoskeleton through coiled coil-mediated trimeric coronin 1 molecules.

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Biozentrum, University of Basel, CH 4056 Basel, Switzerland.


Coronin 1 is a member of the coronin protein family specifically expressed in leukocytes and accumulates at sites of rearrangements of the F-actin cytoskeleton. Here, we describe that coronin 1 molecules are coiled coil-mediated homotrimeric complexes, which associate with the plasma membrane and with the cytoskeleton via two distinct domains. Association with the cytoskeleton was mediated by trimerization of a stretch of positively charged residues within a linker region between the N-terminal, WD repeat-containing domain and the C-terminal coiled coil. In contrast, neither the coiled coil nor the positively charged residues within the linker domain were required for plasma membrane binding, suggesting that the N-terminal, WD repeat-containing domain mediates membrane interaction. The capacity of coronin 1 to link the leukocyte cytoskeleton to the plasma membrane may serve to integrate outside-inside signaling with modulation of the cytoskeleton.

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