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Presse Med. 2005 Feb 26;34(4):277-81.

[Impact of the consensus conference on the ambulatory treatment of bronchiolitis in infants].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service d'accueil et de traitement des urgences, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the impact of guidelines of the consensus conference in September 2000 on the ambulatory management of acute bronchiolitis in infants.

METHODS:

Prospective multicenter study, in four hospitals in the North department in France, during three epidemic periods: the winter preceding the consensus conference and the two following winters. All the infants between 30 days and 2 years of age, admitted to an emergency care unit for a first or second episode of bronchiolitis were included. The infants' characteristics and ambulatory treatments prescribed were collected.

RESULTS:

Six hundred thirty-eight infants were included: 169 before the conference and 469 after. Seventy-seven percent had consulted previously and a prescription had been drawn-up for 77%. There was no difference in the frequency of drug prescriptions or physiotherapy between the three periods. After the conferences, inhaled beta(2) agonists were still prescribed in 21% of cases, inhaled corticosteroids in 15%, oral corticosteroids in 34%, antibiotics in 53% and mucolytics in 54%. Physiotherapy was prescribed for 58% of the infants.

CONCLUSION:

Two years after the consensus conference, the ambulatory treatment of bronchiolitis has no changed, corticosteroids, beta(2) agonists, antibiotics and mucolytics are still prescribed in excess. Further studies, within a few years, are required to reassess the application of the guidelines, not only in outpatient but also in inpatient management.

PMID:
15798545
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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