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Physiol Meas. 2005 Jun;26(3):R73-98. Epub 2005 Feb 1.

Microfluidics for flow cytometric analysis of cells and particles.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2055, USA.


This review describes recent developments in microfabricated flow cytometers and related microfluidic devices that can detect, analyze, and sort cells or particles. The high-speed analytical capabilities of flow cytometry depend on the cooperative use of microfluidics, optics and electronics. Along with the improvement of other components, replacement of conventional glass capillary-based fluidics with microfluidic sample handling systems operating in microfabricated structures enables volume- and power-efficient, inexpensive and flexible analysis of particulate samples. In this review, we present various efforts that take advantage of novel microscale flow phenomena and microfabrication techniques to build microfluidic cell analysis systems.

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