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Isolation and quantification of dinucleoside polyphosphates by using monolithic reversed phase chromatography columns.

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Charité-CBF, Medizinische Klinik IV, Hindenburgdamm 30, D-12200 Berlin, Germany.


In former studies, dinucleoside polyphosphates were quantified using ion-pair reversed-phase perfusion chromatography columns, which allows a detection limit in the micromolar range. The aim of this study was both to describe a chromatographic assay with an increased efficiency of the dinucleoside separation, which enables the reduction of analytical run times, and to establish a chromatographic assay using conditions, which allow MALDI-mass spectrometric analysis of the resulting fractions. We compared the performance of conventional silica reversed phase chromatography columns, a perfusion chromatography column and a monolithic reversed-phase C18 chromatography column. The effects of different ion-pair reagents, flow-rates and gradients on the separation of synthetic diadenosine polyphosphates as well as of diadenosine polyphosphates isolated from human platelets were analysed. Sensitivity and resolution of the monolithic reversed-phase chromatography column were both higher than that of the perfusion chromatography and the conventional reversed phase chromatography columns. Using a monolithic reversed-phase C18 chromatography column, diadenosine polyphosphates were separable baseline not only in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydrogensulfate (TBA) but also in the presence of triethylammonium acetate (TEAA) as ion-pair reagent. The later reagent is useful because, in contrast to TBA, it is compatible with MALDI mass-spectrometric methods. This makes TEAA particularly suitable for identification of unknown nucleoside polyphosphates. Furthermore, because of the lower backpressure of monolithic reversed-phase chromatography columns, we were able to significantly increase the flow rate, decreasing the amount of time for the analysis close to 50%, especially using TBA as ion-pair reagent. In summary, monolithic reversed phase C18 columns markedly increase the sensitivity and resolution of dinucleoside polyphosphate analysis in a time-efficient manner compared to reversed-phase perfusion chromatography columns or conventional reversed-phase columns. Therefore, further dinucleoside polyphosphate analytic assays should be based on monolithic silica C18 columns instead of perfusion chromatography or conventional silica reversed phase chromatography columns. In conclusion, the use of monolithic silica C18 columns will lead to isolation and quantification of up to now unknown dinucleoside polyphosphates. These chromatography columns may facilitate further research on the biological roles of dinucleoside polyphosphates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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